What types of vehicle fuels are there?

There are several types of vehicle fuels used around the world, and they vary based on the type of vehicle and the region.

Here are some common types of vehicle fuels:


Petrol is the most widely used fuel for passenger cars and motorcycles. It is a liquid fuel that is highly refined and contains a mixture of hydrocarbons.


Electric vehicles (EVs) are powered by electricity stored in batteries. They are becoming increasingly popular for their environmental benefits and efficiency.


Hydrogen fuel cells power some vehicles, particularly in niche applications. Hydrogen fuel cell vehicles produce electricity by combining hydrogen and oxygen.


Biodiesel is a renewable fuel made from vegetable oils, animal fats, or recycled cooking oil. It can be used in diesel engines.

Synthetic Fuels

These are artificially produced fuels, such as synthetic gasoline or synthetic diesel, which can be made from various sources, including carbon dioxide captured from the atmosphere.


Diesel fuel is used in diesel engines, commonly found in trucks, buses, and some passenger cars. Diesel is less refined than gasoline and has a higher energy density.

Natural Gas

Compressed natural gas (CNG) and liquefied natural gas (LNG) are used as alternative fuels in some vehicles, particularly in fleets and public transportation.


Ethanol is often blended with gasoline (E85) and used in flex-fuel vehicles. It is derived from renewable sources like corn or sugarcane.

Propane (LPG)

Propane is a liquefied petroleum gas used in some vehicles, particularly in regions where it is readily available.